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Carl Eickhorn Field Marshal Sword Series Part 1

Carl Eickhorn was a large producer of many different types of Nazi swords and daggers during the Third Reich era.

To compete in the competitive market place certain marketing brands were developed to increase sales in the era of nationalistic pride.

Carl Eickhorn produced a range of German Army Swords called the Field Marshal Series that apart from appealing designs did have significant names attributed to the type of sword.

“Freiherr Von Stein”, was a Prussian statesmen and great reformer for the period. His aims included the redistribution of the power of the nobility to non-nobles to increase the productivity of the Prussian economy. More importantly in the eyes of the Carl Eickhorn marketing staff was the idealism created by the name “Freiherr Von Stein” as he was instrumental in allowing Prussia to be free of Napoleon and the French influence.

A Well Travelled Luftwaffe Sword

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1933 SS MODEL DAGGER

 

SS Elite Guard Service Nazi Dagger WW2

The design of the SS 1933 model dagger was approved for production in 1933, while actual production started in early 1934. Unlike the approximately 300 manufacturers of the SA dagger, that eventually supplied in the region of three million “brownshirts”, the numbers required for the SS were considerably less.

The Model 1933 and later 1936 Model SS daggers were also distributed via a strict RZM system, that meant that individuals could not directly purchase from a manufacturer. The daggers were awarded to those that had met certain criteria regardless of rank, the main award event being on 9th November when the “fallen” of the 1923 “putsch” were remembered.

The early daggers exhibited a high quality alloy fittings, with anodized scabbards complete with nickel fittings. All of these daggers had an ebony or similar hardwood grip that although is very hard, will often see damage due to the brittleness of the natural product.

Within the grip a National eagle was placed in a flush position, with the SS emblem placed again in a countersunk style at the top of the grip – variances in both items can be detected due to the number of manufacturers involved in the production of them. The blades displayed “Meine Ehre heist Treue” translated means “My Honour is Loyalty, on one side of the blade, with the manufacturers logo on the reverse side.

Like the SA equivalent, the SS dagger was equipped with a hanging strap but in black leather, and a vertical hanging strap was also available at extra charge.

After 1936, the RZM took production of items for use in the Third Reich into a stricter regime, manufacturers marks are no longer commonly seen (replaced by RZM numbers), and the standardisation of dagger parts including the grips, scabbard finish changing from anodised to painted finish and cheaper materials used in the fittings can be seen.

THIRD REICH DAGGER HANGING STRAPS

THIRD REICH DAGGER HANGING STRAPS


With the “explosion” of dagger manufacturing during Nazi period of power, there was a subsequent increase in the production of hanging straps that were used with the daggers.

Each dagger produced during the Third Reich era would be worn with a set of straps that was authorised for that particular service. Some daggers even had field use and ceremonial use straps.
There were variations among the different manufacturers, and deluxe strap versions with the fittings differing from the standard plan items. The more deluxe patterns were more expensive than the standard items.

The Luftwaffe (Airforce) daggers, the 1st Pattern had a fixed double chain suspension hanger with various lengths, made from aluminium or nickel silver depending upon manufacturer and period of manufacturing. The 2nd Pattern daggers were worn with a double strap fabric hanger, that had velvet to the rear. The hanger buckles bore a heavily designed oak leaf pattern. Read the rest of this entry »

THE SA Germany WW2

Here is a picture of an SA Dagger from World War 2

SA Dagger

Introduced in 1933 it was the first of the many daggers adopted by the Third Reich, for their respective Nazi organisations.

The early production models had high quality nickel silver fittings and a brown oxide finished scabbard. Later examples used zinc fittings that were plated with nickel or chrome, the scabbards being painted.

All these daggers will ever exhibit a manufacturer’s mark, manufacturers mark with an RZM reference; or just an RZM number.

Again these daggers will exhibit the motto “Alles Fur Deutschland” – All For Germany.

Normally each dagger would come with a short brown leather hanger, and then attached to a belt.

Although a very common dagger, there are still collectable as each dagger, particularly  Read the rest of this entry »

Reichszeugmei sterei RZM

classic logo of RMZ ww2 sword germany

The Reichszeugmeisterei (RZM), formally located in Munich, was the first and eventually the primary Zeugmeisterei (quartermaster’s office), as well as the national material control office of Nazi Germany. It replaced the SA-Wirtschaftsstelle, the purchasing agency of the Sturmabteilung or SA.

As early as 1925, to avoid identification problems during street fighting, Adolf Hitler ordered the wearing of brown shirts by members of the newly established NSDAP and the SA. These uniforms were complemented by brown caps which could only be purchased at the SA-Wirtschaftsstelle. Due to an increasing number of members, Hitler instructed the SA command in 1928 to establish a Zeugmeisterei in Munich. This office was responsible for the central supply of all kinds of uniforms, uniform parts and equipment to members of Nazi organizations, including the SS. Further “Zeugmeistereien” were established in other German cities, and the quartermaster office in Munich was renamed to Reichszeugmeisterei, to identify it with its leading role.

RMZ serial number, german sword ww2

The RZM office defined design, manufacturing and quality standards for not only daggers, swords and uniforms; but also down to uniform buttons!, A RZM licence could be bought  Read the rest of this entry »

Leader of the German SS

Leader Of The SS

Heinrich Himmler SS Leader of Germany

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler October 1900 – 23 May 1945)

Was Reichsführer of the SS, a military commander, and a leading member of the Nazi Party. As Chief of the German Police and later the Minister of the Interior, Himmler oversaw all internal and external police and security forces, including the Gestapo (Secret State Police). Serving as Reichsführer and later as Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the entire Reich’s administration, Himmler rose to become the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany.

As overseer of the concentration camps, extermination camps, and Einsatzgruppen (literally: task forces, often used as killing squads), Himmler coordinated the killing of some six million Jews, between 200,000 and 500,000 Roma, many prisoners of war, and possibly another three to four million Poles, communists, or other groups whom the Nazis deemed unworthy to live or simply “in the way”, including homosexuals, people with physical and mental disabilities, Jehovah’s Witnesses and members of the Confessing Church. Shortly before the end of the war, he offered to surrender both Germany and himself to the Western Read the rest of this entry »

Second Leader of the Hitler Youth

Artur Axmann

18 February 1913 – 24 October 1996

Axmann was born in Hagen on 18 February 1913. He studied law and in 1928, founded the first Hitler Youth group in Westphalia.

Arthur Axman succeeded Baldur von Schirach as Reich Youth Leader (Reichsjugendführer) of the Nazi Party in 1940. Immediately after gaining office he began to organise Hitler youth members to undertake active roles in assisting the Third Reich in areas such as the fire service.

In 1941 after being wounded on the Eastern Front he returned to Germany to have an artificial arm fitted. Read the rest of this entry »

Third Reich Miniature Daggers & Swords

Third reich Swords Daggers

During the Third Reich era many miniature daggers (and a lesser number of swords) were produced. The main reason for the manufacturing of these items was to increase the awareness of what a Company could produce in a full size example. In reality these marketing tools ranging from about 7.5 to 10 inches became the ultimate portable sales tool.

Miniatures can be found with or without inscriptions, void of anything or with the manufacturers /distributors name. There are differences in quality, as the larger of the miniatures were more commonly used by travelling sales representatives. Read the rest of this entry »

Finding an original Third Reich Sword or Third Reich Dagger

third reich swords and daggers tips

The most important consideration for a collector to see on a Nazi dagger or sword is condition. However this does not mean that an item has to be highly cleaned and polished to achieve the greatest resale price. In fact if an item is just dirty and age patina has occurred, it is best just to leave everything in place, when the item is introduced to a buyer.

I have seen a number of Nazi daggers and swords being spoilt by use of heavy abrasive compounds being used on the mounts and the blades, the worse cases are use of a wire brush and sandpaper! These will all damage the item as well as the value of it. Read the rest of this entry »